Table of contents (Vol 6, No 5)
EDITORIAL

Artificial intelligence in health – the three big challenges
 

The last twelve months have seen Artificial Intelligence (AI) research pushed beyond its boundaries. Google is dabbling in deep learning to build the Google Brain and teach machines to think and learn like humans. Semantic technologies are working harder than ever to take on the challenge of enhancing big data analytics. Translating research from labs to everyday use in hospitals and medical practice still remains one of the greatest challenges for AI in the health research community.

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By Sankalp Khanna, Abdul Sattar, David Hansen

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RESEARCH

Reliable epileptic seizure detection using an improved wavelet neural network
 

EEG is a valuable diagnosis tool in the field of epileptic seizure detection. However, determining the discriminative characteristics that represent the inherent behaviours of the EEG signals properly and distinguishing a transient seizure from background activity accurately still remain a great challenge in epilepsy diagnosis. The feasibility and effectiveness of using a novel seizure detection paradigm, which pertains to an improved wavelet neural network model, were highlighted in this study.

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By Zarita Zainuddin, Kee Huong Lai, Pauline Ong

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An investigation into drug-related problems identifiable by commercial medication review software
 

Currently there are no studies which have investigated artificial intelligence applications which have been trained in a commercial environment for real-world assessment of Home Medicine Review (HMR) patients. This study gauges the capacity of multiple classification ripple down rules (MCRDR) to detect potential Drug Related Problems(DRPs) using commercial software with real patient data.

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By Colin M Curtain, Ivan Karl Bindoff, Juanita Louise Westbury, Gregory Mark Peterson

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Incorporating feature ranking and evolutionary methods for the classification of high-dimensional DNA microarray gene expression data
 

The results of this study suggest that extracting feature quality information can assist the learning process and improve classification accuracy. On the other hand, relying exclusively on the feature quality information might potentially decrease the classification performance (e.g., using feature reduction). Therefore, authors recommend a hybrid approach that uses feature quality information to direct the learning process by highlighting the more informative features, but at the same time not restricting the learning process to explore other features.

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By Mani Abedini, Michael Kirley, Raymond Chiong,

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Acute Ischaemic Stroke Prediction from Physiological Time Series Patterns
 

The accuracy of existing stroke prediction methods, based on statistical characteristics of certain physiological variables such as blood pressure, glucose, is unsatisfactory due to vague understandings of effects and function domains of those physiological determinants. In this study the authors propose the use of trend patterns of physiological time series data as new key features in predicting 3-month stroke outcomes.

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By Qing Zhang, Yang Xie, Pengjie Ye, Chaoyi Pang

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Automated Classification of Limb Fractures from Free-Text Radiology Reports using a Clinician-informed Gazetteer Methodology
 

This study reports the evaluation of a clinician-driven rule-based gazetteer method for classifying radiological evidence. The team delineate avenues for the improvement and use of a clinician-driven rule-based classifier in the context of free-text radiology report classifications

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By Amol Wagholikar, Guido Zuccon, Anthony Nguyen, Kevin Chu, Shane Martin, Jaimi Greenslade

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Using Prediction to Improve Elective Surgery Scheduling
 

Managing stochastic activity durations, handling uncertainty in the arrival process of patients, and coordination of multiple activities are key challenges to effective surgery planning and scheduling. Authors propose a two stage prediction based methodology for surgery scheduling to address the above limitations by employing predicted workload and surgery duration, waitlist and perioperative information, and NEST-compliance driven optimisation.

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By Zahra Shahabikargar, Sankalp Khanna, Abdul Sattar

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Classification of Cancer-related Death Certificates using Machine Learning
 

This paper evaluates automatic feature extraction for the automatic machine learning classification of documents from a wide range of tumour streams within a single application. The authors identified salient factors in the composition of machine learning systems and demonstrated the achievement of high classification performances, with the potential to improve workflows for the coding of cancer notifiable free-text death certificates.

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By Luke Butt, Guido Zuccon, Anthony Nguyen, Anton Bergheim, Narelle Grayson

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LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Letter to the Editor
 

Clarification on “Neonatal sepsis and multiple skin abscess in a newborn with Down's syndrome: A case report”

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By Arunava Kali, Sivaraman Umadevi, Sreenivasan Srirangaraj, Selvaraj Stephen

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BOOK REVIEW

Book Review
 

What matters in medicine.

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By P Ravi Shankar

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