Kuwaiti parent's knowledge of their childern's fever and their patterns of use of over the counter antipyretics

Nabil Ahmed Badawy, Ali Falah Alhajraf, Mawaheb Falah Alsamdan


Many parents consider fever a disease with the continuation of fever phobia and overuse of antipyretics to reduce it.

Identifying Kuwaiti parent’s knowledge of their children’s fever and determining their patterns of use of Over-the-Counter- Antipyretics.

A descriptive cross-sectional study in which we have recruited 614 Kuwaiti mothers of well children aged between six months and five years. Data was collected over six-months from September 2015 to March 2016, using a self-administered questionnaire.

A total of 614 mothers participated in the study, with a response rate of 94.5 per cent. Twenty-seven per cent (166) of them considered a temperature ≤38.5°C to be a high-grade fever, with the level of education significantly influenced mothers’ reports of high-grade fever (F=4.68, df.=4, P=0.001, n=207). Almost all the parents believed that heat could cause harm, and 48 per cent (294) of them stated that fever is very harmful. Fifty-three per cent of mothers (309) would give antipyretic medication when body temperature is ≤38°C. Sixty-one per cent (375) of the mothers had alternated antipyretic paracetamol and ibuprofen. Forty-five per cent (274) of parents think that antipyretics are without potential harm. Level of education had a positive impact on the perception of fever [χ2 (df=8)=70.68, p < 0.001]. Usual practices targeted temperature reduction using antipyretics by 53.7 per cent.

Mothers have an imperfect knowledge of fever. Fever phobia is widespread, leading to an overuse of antipyretics.
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