Yuezhou Li
Dr. Yuezhou Li is a professor at Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology of Ministry of Health, China. In 2000, he received Ph.D in Biophysics from Fudan University, China. Then he joined University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, USA, as postdoctoral fellow (2000) and faculty (2008). He is interested in studying how we sense and respond to mechanical stimuli. He currently focuses on the function and the underlying mechanism of mechanosensitive ion channel, as well as its utilization as nanobiosensor in biomedical applications.
Deputy Editors

Lesley Cala
Dr. Lesley Cala is an academic in the Division of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine within the School of Medicine at the University of Western Australia. As a neuroradiologist she has collaborated with the University of Edinburgh and the University of Nottingham, adjudicating brain CT scans of patients who have suffered a stroke and so is involved in three international Stroke Trials. Her earlier work in neuroradiology involved the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, assessment of alcohol-related brain damage in social drinkers, prediction of the onset of Huntington’s disease in 50% at-risk relatives, and her MD thesis dealt with the neuroradiological diagnosis of brain tumours.

Wei Wang
Dr. Wei Wang graduated from Anhui College of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 1989, and obtained his D.Sc from The University of Liège, Belgium in 1995. Currently, Dr. Wang is the Professor and Principle Investigator of Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Zhejiang University College of Medicine. He has consistently investigated some topics in Clinical Psychology/ Psychiatry – personality and cognitive neuroscience, explored in the areas relating to the treatment-resistant depression, bipolar disorder, personality disorder and schizophrenia, especially to the structure, causes and functions of the personality traits.
Consultant Editor/Ethics Manager

Stephan Millett
Associate Professor Stephan Millett is foundation director of the Curtin University Centre for Applied Ethics and Philosophy, Chair of the Human Research Ethics Committee and adviser on Research Integrity for the University. He holds a PhD in moral philosophy. Stephan is known internationally particularly for his work on philosophy and ethics in schools. In recent years he has increasingly specialised in research ethics, and ethics and values for large organisations.
Editorial panel

Aneesh Basheer
Aneesh Basheer
Dr. Aneesh Basheer is associate professor of internal medicine and Dean of Medical Education at Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, India. He completed his post-graduate work in internal medicine (MD) at the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry. His main research interests include infectious diseases, haematology and neurology, especially tropical neurology. His academic focus is primarily on clinical medicine and objective assessment of medical students.

Owen Carter
Owen Carter
Owen Carter is associate professor at the School of Medical Sciences and Research Director at the Office of the Pro-Vice-Chancellor of Health Advancement at Edith Cowan University (ECU), and adjunct associate professor at the Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer Control (CBRCC) at Curtin University. He has published and worked on media campaigns in a variety of public health topics, including tobacco control, sun protection, nutrition, physical activity and alcohol.

Paresh Dawda
Paresh Dawda
Dr. Paresh Dawda is medical director for an Australian GP Super Clinic in Canberra and a senior research fellow at the Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute, Australian National University. He is a fellow of the Improvement Faculty, a member of WONCA's working party on quality and safety, and was previously an associate with the Safer Care team at the NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement.

Prof. Francesco INCHINGOLO is a Researcher and Assistant Professor in Dentistry at the School of Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy. He is also a Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at University of Bari Aldo Moro and Head of the Master Course in Oral Surgery and Advanced Implant Prosthodontics. His research interests include Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Dentistry, Maxillofacial Surgery, Experimental Medicine at the National Council of Research (C.N.R.).

Michael E. Farkouh
Dr. Michael E. Farkouh is the Peter Munk Chair in Multinational Clinical Trials at the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, Director of the Heart and Stroke/Richard Lewar Centre of Excellence in Cardiovascular Research, Professor and Vice-Chair, Research, Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto. He is a graduate of the Schulich School of Medicine at Western University. He completed his internal medicine and cardiology training at the Mayo Clinic and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York respectively and holds an MSc in Clinical Epidemiology from McMaster University. He is internationally known for his work on the management of acute coronary syndromes in the emergency room. He has a special interest and expertise in the field of cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients.

Dr. Masood-Ul-Hassan Javed is a Professor in Physiology (Basic Medical Sciences) at the College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdul Aziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He got his PhD in Biology (Physiology & Biochemistry) from Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey in 1984. He has about 39 years of teaching experience in Physiology & Biochemistry with 60 publications related to these two subjects. His Research Interests include Protein and Enzymology, Search of modulators of enzymes and their biomedical applications.

Gwo-Shing Chen
Dr. Gwo-Shing Chen is currently the Professor of Dermatology at Kaohsiung Medical University and Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital, Taiwan. He obtained his Doctor of Medicine degree from China Medical University, Taiwan, and received his PhD degree from the University of Kitasado, Japan. He completed his dermatology residency training in 1985, and since then had worked as a full-time dermatologist at Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital. Since 2000, he had been appointed as Director of the Department of Dermatology, Kaohsiung Medical University and Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital.

Tsong-Long Hwang
Dr. Tsong-Long Hwang is a professor of Graduate Institute of natural Products, Chang Gung University and a dean of College of Human Ecology, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan. In 2000, he received Ph.D. in pharmacology from National Taiwan University, Taiwan. His research interests include inflammopharmacology, innate immunity, phytopharmacology and signal transduction. He has published close to 270 research papers.

Mohamed Eddouks
Mohamed Eddouks is Professor at Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia, Morocco. He is a researcher in Physiology and Pharmacology with PhD degrees in Physiology and Pharmacology from University of Liege, Belgium and Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco. His research focuses on ethnobiological as well as pharmacological issues in the use of Moroccan medicinal plants for the treatment of diabetes mellitus, obesity and hypertension. His contribution to this field includes four international books and more than 80 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters of international repute.

Raktim Ghosh
Dr. Raktim Ghosh is an internal medicine physician in training and currently serving as the chief resident in the Department of Internal Medicine at St. Vincent Charity Medical Center, an affiliate of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, OH, USA. Dr. Ghosh is widely published in the field of general internal medicine, diabetes, infectious disease, postoperative pain management and medical education. His research interests include newer anticoagulants, thromboembolic disorders, and new drug development in diabetes.

Rohan Jayasinghe
Rohan Jayasinghe
Interventional Cardiologist.
Director of Cardiology and Cardiac Services Gold Coast Hospital and Health Service District.
Professor of Cardiology at Griffith University, Gold Coast.
Professor of Medicine at Bond University, Gold Coast.
Member of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Acute Cardiac Care.

Markus Melloh
Dr. Markus Melloh is an orthopaedic surgeon and rheumatologist trained at the Free University Berlin. He holds a DMedSc in sports medicine from the Humboldt University Berlin, an MPH from the Swiss School of Public Health, a PhD in orthopaedic surgery from the University of Otago, and a specialist MBA in Strategic Planning from Edinburgh Business School. Currently, Dr. Melloh is appointed as professor and director of the Centre for Health Sciences at Zurich University of Applied Sciences. He also acts as co-chair of the International Task Force on Diagnosis and Management of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.

Akshay Mishra
Akshay Mishra
Dr. Akshay Mishra is a senior lecturer with the School of Medicine, University of Queensland. Dr. Mishra's special interests within cardiology include primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction, complex coronary and peripheral interventions and carotid stenting. He is trained in CTCA imaging and enjoys imaging modalities to evaluate coronary and structural heart disease.

Christopher McGrath
Dr. Christopher McGrath holds an honorary visiting fellow in osteopathic medicine at the College of Health and Biomedicine at Victoria University, Melbourne. Formerly a member of the Clinical Anatomy Research Group in the Department of Anatomy at Otago University, he continues to contribute to clinical anatomy teaching. He initially trained as an osteopath in London before gaining postgraduate qualifications in biomechanics, occupational health practice and a doctoral degree in anatomy. He acts as a sentinel reader for the McMaster University Health Information Research Unit, clinical relevance online rating system. His academic interests centre on clinical and functional anatomy and the influence of these disciplines upon evidence based practice in manual healthcare.

Santosh Ramanathan
Dr. Ramanathan, MD is currently working as Neurologist at Akron Neurology, Inc. Ohio. He pursued his post graduate Neurology residency at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh following which he did a Vascular Neurology fellowship from the highly ranked and prestigious Cleveland Clinic, in Cleveland, Ohio. He is board certified in Neurology, Vascular Neurology and Hypertension. He has numerous publications to his name in Neurology and subspecialties of Neurology like stroke, headache, and neuroimmunology.

Alexander E. Berezin
Dr. Alexander E. Berezin has received PhD in the year 1994 from State Medical University of Zaporozhye, Ukraine. He is currently working as a Professor of Medicine in the State Medical University of Zaporozhye. As a Chief of Cardiology Unit of Internal Medicine Department, his research goals include fundamental study of biological markers, implementation of visualization procedures and percutaneous cardiovascular interventions, the development of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation, especially in the field affected heart failure, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease. Based on this research and training in heart failure he has received several awards and honors. He has authored for more than 850 research articles and 25 books/chapters.

Marc Tennant
Dr. Marc Tennant has been a member of The University of Western Australia academic staff since his early 1990’s. He is a Winthrop Professor and the Director (and Founder) of the International Research Collaborative - Oral Health and Equity. Marc has a lifetime focus on addressing issues of equity and justice. His team is now globally recognised as the leading oral health R&D group. In 2015 Marc was the leading publisher in dentistry in Australia and remains in the top half dozen dental academics in Australia.

Camillo Ricordi
Camillo Ricordi, M.D. is the Stacy Joy Goodman Professor of Surgery, Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Professor of Biomedical Engineering, and Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Miami (UM), Florida, where he serves as Director of the Diabetes Research Institute (DRI; www.diabetesresearch.org) and the Cell Transplant Program. Dr. Ricordi also served as Responsible Head of the Human Cell Processing Facility (1993-2014), an NIH funded cGMP (current Good Manufacturing Practices) facility that has been providing Human Cell Products for research and clinical applications at UM, in Florida and worldwide since 1993.

Basavana Goudra
Dr. Goudra is an Assistant Professor of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine. He obtained his primary medical education from Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore, India. After training as a junior resident at the prestigious Jawaharlal Institute of Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, he moved to Ireland for Specialist training. His main area of focus is out of operating room anaesthesia with an emphasis on anaesthesia for endoscopic procedures and total intravenous anaesthesia. He has conducted clinical research and published extensively in this area. Additionally, he has invented airway devices “Goudra Bite Block” and “Goudra Mask Airway” that are likely to improve the safety and efficiency of out of operating room anaesthesia practice.

Niels Tommerup
Dr. Niels Tommerup graduated as MD from the University of Copenhagen in 1978, and joined the cytogenetic laboratory of Prof. Margareta Mikkelsen at the John F. Kennedy Instítute, Glostrup, Denmark, separated by a two year stay at the University of Oslo, Norway (1989-91). He is a full professor and head of the Medical Genetics unit at the University of Copenhagen since 1996. Funded by The Danish National Research Foundation to establish Wilhelm Johannsen Centre for Functional Genome Research as a Centre-of-Excellence at the University of Copenhagen (2001-2011). Coordinator of Mendelian Cytogenetics Network (EU-Biomed 2 (2000)). Established the International Breakpoint Mapping Consortium in 2014, a global effort to dissect the human genome with 10,000 sequenced constitutional chromosomal breakpoints.

Naveen Patil
Naveen Patil
Dr. Naveen Patil serves the Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) as the medical director for HIV/STI/TB/Hepatitis sections, and is the project director of the Hansen's Program grant. He is board-certified in internal medicine and infectious diseases and has master's degrees in health services administration and gerontology, and a fellowship in Hospital Administration. Dr. Patil is the chairman of the Arkansas AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Formulary Advisory Committee, and serves on the board of the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association and the advisory board of the Heartland National TB Center and HIV/STI Prevention Training Center.

Abdulbari Bener
Prof Abdulbari Bener is a Professor of Public Health at the Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University. He is advisor to World Health Organization and Adjunct Professor & Coordinator for the postgraduate and master public health programs (MPH) of the School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester. He is Fellow of Royal Statistical Society (FRSS) and Fellow of Faculty of Public Health (FFPH). He holds a Ph.D. degree in Medical Statistics (Biometry) and Genetics from the University College of London (UCL), and a B.Sc. degree from Ankara University. He has held academic positions in public health, epidemiology, and statistics at universities in Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and England. He has been an author or coauthor of more than 550 published journal articles.

Samuel SW Tay
Dr Samuel SW Tay is graduated from the National University of Singapore with a PhD in Anatomy (1985), and did his post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Iowa (1984-86) under the tutelage of Professor Terence Heaton Williams. He joined the Department of Anatomy, National University of Singapore in 1986 as a Lecturer, and was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 1992. In 1992-93, he worked as honorary post-doctoral fellow under Professor Geoffrey Burnstock, the doyen of Neuroscience at University College, London (UK). In recognition of his research achievements, he was appointed as an Associate Professor in 1997. Over these years, he has taught more than 5,000 doctors, 400 dental surgeons and 200 pharmacists.

David Rowlands
Associate professor David Rowlands is an academic in the Department of Sport and Exercise Science, in the College of Health at Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand. His research interests include exercise and nutritional interventions for Type-II diabetes and chronic achilles tendon injury rehabilitation, exercise metabolism, and performance nutrition research, including epigenomics and protein synthesis within the study of clinically-relevant phenotype plasticity of skeletal muscle. He is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine, the European College of Sports Science, and Sport and Exercise Science New Zealand.

Zhonghua Sun
Dr. Zhonghua Sun is a Professor of medical radiation sciences at Curtin University, Australia. He gained his M.B and PhD degrees in clinical medicine and medical imaging, respectively, from Harbin Medical University in China and University of Ulster in UK. He worked as a radiologist in the department of radiology at Peking Union Medical College Hospital for 9 years prior to taking up one-year medical fellowship during 1998-1999 in Japan. His research interests include diagnostic imaging, 3D medical image visualization and processing, haemodynamic analysis of cardiovascular diseases and 3D printing in cardiovascular disease.

Henry Pleass
Professor Henry Pleass studied medicine as an undergraduate at the University of Newcastle Upon-Tyne, England and trained in general and transplantation surgery in the North East of England, Edinburgh Scotland and Sydney Australia. He has published and presented widely on transplantation as well as organ retrieval and has an MD investigating Xenotransplantation. He is Professor of Surgery at Westmead Clinical School, University of Sydney. His specialty interests are liver and pancreatic surgery, in addition to laparoscopic surgery. He is the surgical head of The Australian National Pancreas Transplant Programme based at Westmead, Sydney. In addition he is a VMO surgeon at Westmead Private Hospital and a VMO liver transplant surgeon at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital.

Frank Lovicu
Dr. Frank Lovicu is a Professor in the discipline of Anatomy & Histology in the School of Medical Sciences at The University of Sydney, Australia. His laboratory primarily studies the role of growth factor signaling in regulating lens cell behavior, promoting the understanding of the cellular and molecular processes leading to normal lens development and growth, as well as those leading to cataract. His research findings aim to develop new strategies to treat and/or prevent cataract.

Pierre Chapuis
Professor Pierre Chapuis is a Director of Post-graduate Surgical Education within the Discipline of Surgery at Sydney University. He serves on numerous hospital committees and Project Manager for the Concord Hospital Colorectal Cancer Health Outcomes & Values Research Project. He is also a foundation member of the Colorectal Surgical Society of Australia and New Zealand. His clinical and research interests focus on prognostic factors and the multidisciplinary care of patients with colorectal cancer. He has a special interest in the endoscopic palliation of patients with advanced rectal cancer.

Akira Sugawara
Professor Akira Sugawara belongs to the Department of Molecular Endocrinology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan. He graduated from Tohoku University School of Medicine in 1987 (M.D.), and got Ph.D. in 1991 from Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine. He performed Postdoctoral Fellowship in William Chin’s laboratory at the Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School in Boston from 1991 to 1994. His major is general internal medicine, endocrinology, nephrology, metabolism and hypertension.

Medhat Abdelmessih
Dr. Medhat Abdelmessih is an internal medicine physician in training and currently serving as an Electrophysiology Associate Research Scientist, Cardiovascular Department, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. He practiced general internal medicine overseas. In addition, he has been trained for 2 years in ICU residency program, National Institute of Diabetes and Endocrine Diseases, Cairo, Egypt. His research areas include Cardiac Arrhythmias, Heart Failure, Atrial Fibrillation/Flutter Ablation, lead extraction and ICD/Pacemaker implantation.

Timothy Albertson
Timothy Albertson
Dr. Timothy Albertson is currently Chair of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis. Prior to this position, He was Chief of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine. He had a long-standing interest in both clinical and research in the toxicology of clinical drugs of abuse including their epidemiology. His current research effort combines his training in pharmacology and toxicology, patient care and clinical medicine. His academic responsibility continues to focus on environmental health and lung pathophysiology. In addition, because of his clinical association with the CTSC and his academic administrative position, He is the key faculty trainer to bridge the clinical translational research and basic pulmonary pharmaco-physiology.

Ralph V. Clayman
Ralph V. Clayman
Dr. Ralph V. Clayman is a graduate of Grinnell College and the University of California - San Diego, School of Medicine. Following his residency in Urology at the University of Minnesota and an AUA research scholarship at the University of Texas - Southwestern, he spent 17 years at Washington University in St. Louis; attaining the rank of Professor of Urology and Radiology. In 1990, he and his surgical team performed the world’s first laparoscopic removal of a kidney. In January 2002, he accepted the Chair of the newly formed Department of Urology at the University of California - Irvine. In 2009, he accepted the role of Dean of the School of Medicine at UC Irvine, serving in that role until 2015. Presently he is a Professor of Urology within the Department of Urology at UC Irvine.

Jennene Greenhill
Professor Jennene Greenhill is the Associate Dean Flinders University School of Medicine and Director of the Flinders University Rural Clinical School. She leads the Masters in Clinical Education an interactive, online postgraduate program for health professional educators. She holds a PhD in change and complexity in health systems. She is passionate about building the rural health workforce and has expanded the Flinders rural health education in rural South Australia and western Victoria delivering longitudinal integrated rural programs for medical, nursing, paramedic, and allied health students.

Kazunari Satomura
Dr. Kazunari Satomura belongs to the Department of Public Health, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. He graduated from Kyoto University School of Medicine in 1980 (M.D.), and got Ph.D. in 1991 from Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine. His major is public health, health promotion and education, medical insurance, health and welfare for the aged, food sanitation, and tobacco issues.

Sanjib Bhattacharyya
Dr. Sanjib Bhattacharyya is a Research scientist at Advanced Institute of Material Research (AIMR), Tohoku University, Japan. He holds a Ph.D in Medicinal Chemistry and Enzymology from the University of Missouri-Columbia, USA. His previous post-doctoral research training from Mayo Clinic was focused on the area of nanomedicine, drug delivery and cancer metabolism. He is presently working on the biophysical and biochemical model of Dementia and developing a lab-on-a-chip drug screening assay model for neurodegeneration.