A study of the prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular disorders among patients registered with the primary health centres

Mohammed Abdullah Almansour


Cardiovascular disorders (CVDs) are considered among the most common co-morbidities especially in developed countries that are easily preventable by controlling its risk factors and developing a healthy life style.

To identify the magnitude and risk factors of CVDs among PHC patients in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia.

This was an interviewee based cross-sectional study conducted among the patients who were chosen through a one–stage cluster sampling method. Data was collected through a pre – structured close ended questionnaire.

The study included 397 participants with mean age of 44.5±13.7 years. About 22 per cent of the participants had one of the CVDs and hypertension was the most commonly recorded one (20.4 per cent). Statistically significant risk factors associated with CVDs were smoking (Odds ratio – 2.9), DM (OR–2.1) and obesity (OR–3.5). Triglycerides readings were higher among those having CVDs as compared to those who were healthy.

It was found that one out of five participants were affected with CVDs in spite of their young age. Obesity, smoking, age, diabetes mellitus and elevated blood pressure were the most important predictors.
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