Effect of alogliptin on hypertensive chronic kidney disease patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Amira SA Said, Nadia Hussain, Amal Hussain Ibrahim Al Haddad, Farideh Javid


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The antihyperglycemic treatment options for patients with Type 2 DM are limited because of safety and tolerability concerns.

To retrospectively assess the effect of using Alogliptin; a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) along with conventional gliclazide: a sulphonylurea (SU) on renal outcomes and glycaemic control in T2DM patients with mild CKD and hypertension.

A total of 76 patient records (38 males and 38 females) of patient ages 40–60 were analysed from the kidney unit at Punjab Care hospital, Lahore, Pakistan. All patients had a confirmed history of T2DM with mild CKD and established hypertension.

Eligible patients were divided into two groups of 38 individuals each. Group SU received gliclazide monotherapy (SU) or Alogliptin (DPP-4i)+gliclazide (SU) add on therapy. All patients were followed up for 12 months.

The alogliptin (DPP-4i) plus gliclazide (SU) add on therapy group, in comparison to the group only receiving gliclazide (SU), showed a significant difference in eGFR values. The mean±SD GFR values post 12 months were 74.8±0.31 (95%CI:74.8±0.09;74.7–74.9) and 76.1±0.25 (95%CI: 76.1±0.08;76.0-76.2) for SU vs. SU+DPP-4i, respectively, with mean calculated effect size of 1.6,. HbA1c, 1,5 AG and ipid profile values have significantly changed (p
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